자료/참고문헌 목록2018. 11. 25. 17:33

Date of source: Aug 1956

This is my very personal reading list of nuclear international history which would be reviewed in the course of writing a doctoral dissertation. This limited and tentative list is of course subject to change at any time, and does not fully cover all of the important works in the relevant field. Be that as it may, I hope this list be of any help to your study.

Robert K. Wilcox, Japan's Secret War (NY: William Morrow & Co., 1985)



24 Chapters in Part One to Three



John Wilson Lewis and Xue Litai, China Builds the Bomb (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988)


1. China’s Quest for Security

2. American Power and Chinese Strategy, 1953-1955

3. The Strategic Decision and Its Consequences

4. The Uranium Challenge

5. The Production of Fissionable Material

6. The Design and Manufacture of the Bomb

7. The Final Countdown

8. Strategic Doctrines and the Hydrogen Bomb

9. Chinese Lessons and the Global Nuclear Experience


Richard Wolfson, Nuclear Choices: A Citizen's Guide to Nuclear Technology (The MIT Press, 1991)


1. Nuclear News, Nuclear Choices

2. Atoms and Nuclei [Part I The Nuclear Difference starts]

3. Radioactivity: When Things Come Apart

4. Effects and Uses of Radiation

5. Energy from the Nucleus

6. Energy and People [Part II Nuclear Power starts]

7. Making Electricity

8. Nuclear Reactors

9. Reactor Safety

10. What About Nuclear Waste?

11. Alternatives to Nuclear Fission

12. History and Technology [Part III Nuclear Weapons starts]

13. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

14. Delivering Nuclear Weapons

15. Nuclear Strategy

16. Defense in the Nuclear Age

17. Controlling Nuclear Weapons

18. Nuclear Power, Nuclear Weapons, and Nuclear Futures


David Holloway Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy 1939–1956 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994)



1. Ioffe’s Institute

2. Nuclear Prehistory

3. Reacting to Fission

4. Making a Decision

5. Getting Started

6. Hiroshima

7. The Post-Hiroshima Project

8. The Premises of Policy

9. The Atomic Industry

10. The Atomic Bomb

11. War and the Atomic Bomb

12. The War of Nerves

13. Dangerous Relations

14. The Hydrogen Bomb

15. After Stalin

16. The Atom and Peace



Michael J. Mazarr, North Korea and the Bomb: A Case Study in Nonproliferation (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995)


1. Test Case for a New Era

2. The Origins, 1945-1980

3. The Means, 1980-1990

4. The World Responds, 1990-1992

5. The IAEA Moves In, 1992-1993

6. The NPT Withdrawal Crisis, 1993

7. On the Road to Resolution, 1993-1994

8. The Drama Concludes, 1994

9. Nonproliferation: Lessons of the Korean Case

10. A Strategy for Nonproliferation



Lawrence Badash, Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons: From Fission to the Limited Test Ban Treaty 1939-1963 (Adantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1995)



1. Ruminations about Science

2. Background to the Bomb

3. Manhattan Project

4. Hiroshima and Nagasaki

5. The New World

6. Living with the Cold War


Thomas B. Cochran, Robert S. Norris and Oleg A. Bukharin, Making the Russian Bomb: From Stalin to Yeltsin (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1995)


1. A Brief History of the Russian Bomb

2. An Overview of the Stockpile and Complex

3. Chelyabinsk-65/Mayak Chemical Combine

4. Tomsk-7 and Kranoyarsk-26

5. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Activities

6. Radioactive Contamination from Nuclear-Powered Vessels


Paul R. Josephson, Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today (New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1999)


Prologue: Atomic-Powered Communism

1. The Reactor in the Garden

2. Nuclear Breeders: Technological Determinism

3. Nuclear Concrete

4. Nuclear Engines: Technology as Panacea

5. Nuclear Chickens: Out of the Frying Pan, Into the Ionizing Radiation

6. A Stellar Promise: The Display Value of Fusion Power

7. Reactors for the Republics

8. Nuclear Explosions: Peaceful and Otherwise

Epilogue: Atomic-Powered Communism Reconsidered


James C. Moltz and Alexandre Y. Mansourov, eds., The North Korean Nuclear Program: Security, Strategy, and New Perspectives from Russia (New York: Routledge, 2000)


1. Russia, North Korea and U.S. Policy toward the Nuclear Crisis [Intro]

2. A Technical History of Soviet-North Korean Nuclear Relations [Part I The History of the North Korean Nuclear Program begins]

3. Nuclear Institutions and Organizations in North Korea

4. A Political History of Soviet-North Korean Nuclear Cooperation

5. Economic Aspects of the North Korean Nuclear Program [Part II The Economic Context of the North Korean Nuclear Program begins]

6. The North Korean Energy Sector

7. Economic Factors and the Stability of the North Korean Regime

8. The Natural Disasters of the Mid-1990s and Their Impact on the Implementation of the Agreed Framework

9. Nuclear Blackmail and North Korea’s Search for a Place in the Sun [Part III Political and Military Factors Behind the North Korean Nuclear Program begins]

10. Military-Strategic Aspects of the North Korean Nuclear Program

11. Leadership Politics in North Korea and the Nuclear Program

12. North Korea’s Decision to Develop an Independent Nuclear Program [Part IV The International Context of the North Korean Nuclear Program begins]

13. North Korea and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime

14. North Korea’s Negotiations with the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization

15. China and the Korean Peninsula: Managing an Unstable Triangle

16. The Korean Peninsula and the Security of Russia’s Primorskiy Kray

17. The Renewal of Russian-North Korean Relations [Part V Unsettled Problems and Future Issues begins]

18. The Korean Peninsula: From Inter-Korean Confrontation to a System of Cooperative Security

19. Russian Views of the Agreed Framework and the Four-Party Talks

20. Pyongyang’s Stake in the Agreed Framework


Philip Henshall, The Nuclear Axis: Germany, Japan and the Atom Bomb Race, 1939-1945 (Stroud: Sutton, 2000)


1. German Long-Range Weapons

2. The German Military Situation and the Four Weapons

3. The German Bomb, 1939 to 1945

4. The Storage, Servicing and Launch Sites for the V1, V2, Rheinbote and HDP

5. Predefin – the Eyes for Watten and Wizernes

6. Delivering the Ultimate Weapon

7. Japan – The New Order in the Pacific

8. Japan’s Long-Range Weapons

9. Assembling the Jigsaw


Michael Kort, The Columbia Guide to Hiroshima and the Bomb (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007)



1. The Debate Over Hiroshima [Part I Historical Narrative begins]

2. Building the Atomic Bomb

3. The Pacific War

4. The Decision to Drop the Bomb

5. The Japanese Government, Ketsu-Go, and Potsdam

6. Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Japan’s Surrender

7. Hiroshima and American Power

Part II Key Questions and Interpretations

Part III Resources

Chronology; Glossaries; Selected Bibliography

Part IV Documents


Michael D. Gordin, Five Days in August: How World War II Became a Nuclear War (Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2007)


1. Endings

2. Shock

3. Special

4. Miracle

5. Papacy

6. Revolution

7. Beginnings


Michael D. Gordin, Red Cloud at Dawn: Truman, Stalin, and the End of the Atomic Monopoly (NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2009)


Intro. What Happened at Potsdam

1. Atomic Monopoly

2. How Much Time Do We Have?

3. Larger Than Enormoz

4. First Lightning

5. Making Vermont

6. Dramatizing the Situation

7. The Year of Joe

Epilogue. Traces and Tailings


Charles D. Ferguson, Nuclear Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know (NY: Oxford University Press, 2011)


1. Fundamentals

2. Energy Security and Costs of Building Power Plants

3. Climate Change

4. Proliferation

5. Safety

6. Physical Security

7. Radioactive Waste Management

8. Sustainable Energy


Audra J. Wolfe, Competing with the Soviets: Science, Technology, and the State in Cold War America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013)



1. The Atomic Age

2. The Military-Industrial Complex

3. Big Science

4. Hearts and Minds and Markets

5. Science and the General Welfare

6. The Race to the Moon

7. The End of Consensus

8. Cold War Redux


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자료/참고문헌 목록2018. 2. 27. 23:23

"고에너지 연구소의 시멘뉴슈킨이 이끄는 연구팀이 미래의 순수한 반양성자 빔을 위한 전기장치를 두고 작업하고 있다. 이 과업에서 소비에트 일꾼들은 사회주의형제국가에서 온 동지들과 협업하고 있다." (1960년 5월 10일)

이 목록은 철저하게 작성자의 취향에 따라, 가급적 2000년 이후 출간됐고 영어로 쓰인 관련 저작들 가운데 현대사/냉전사/소련사/물리학/원자력/고전 등을 기준으로 하여 정리한 것입니다. 따라서 이 목록은 과학기술사에 필요한 모든 논저를 다루지 않습니다. 예컨대, 환경사나 의학사 등 과학기술사의 중요한 축을 형성하는 주제에 대한 논저는 이 목록에 많이 담지 않았습니다. 한편 지역적으로, 중국과 일본, 월남을 주제로 한 과학기술사 단행본은 점차 증가일로에 있지만, 안타깝게도 한국/북한을 주제로 한 유의미한 단행본은 아직 찾을 수 없었습니다. 목록에 대한 여러분들의 추가 제안은 언제든 대환영입니다!

목록 사용법: '찾기' 기능을 이용해 단어별로 우선 검색을 해보시길 바랍니다.

* 출판사와 출판년도는 부정확할 가능성이 있습니다. 인용 전에 꼭 직접 확인 하십시오.

Aaron Stephen Moore, Constructing East Asia: Technology, Ideology, and Empire in Japan’s Wartime Era, 1931-1945 (Stanford University Press, 2013) (p)

Adriana Petryna, Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl (Princeton University Press, 2002) (p)

Alexei B. Kojevnikov, Stalin's Great Science: The Times and Adventures of Soviet Physicists (Imperial College Press, 2004) (p)

Amy E. Slaton, Reinforced Concrete and the Modernization of American Building, 1900–1930 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001) (p)

Anique Hommels, Jessica Mesman and Wiebe E. Bijker eds., Vulnerability in Technological Cultures: New Directions in Research and Governance (The MIT Press, 2014) (p)

Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection (Princeton University Press, 2005) (p)

Andrew Feenberg, Between Reason and Experience: Essays in Technology and Modernity (The MIT Press, 2010) (p)

Annemarie Mol, The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice (Duke University Press, 2003) (p)

Atsushi Akera, Calculating a Natural World: Scientists, Engineers, and Computers During the Rise of U.S. Cold War Research (The MIT Press, 2007) (p)

Benjamin Peters, How Not to Network a Nation: The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet (The MIT Press, 2016) (p)

Bruce J. Hunt, Pursuing Power and Light: Technology and Physics from James Watt to Albert Einstein (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005) (p)

Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan trans., The Pasteurization of France (Harvard University Press, 1993) (p)

Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel eds., Making Things Public: Atmospheres of Democracy (The MIT Press, 2005) (p)

Christine Hine, Systematics as Cyberscience: Computers, Change, and Continuity in Science (The MIT Press, 2008) (p)

Christopher J. Bright, Continental Defense in the Eisenhower Era: Nuclear Antiaircraft Arms and the Cold War (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) (p)

Christopher R. Henke, Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power: Science and Industrial Agriculture in California (The MIT Press, 2008) (p)

Cyrus C. M. Mody, Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology (The MIT Press, 2011) (p)

Daqing Yang, Technology of Empire: Telecommunications and Japanese Expansion in Asia, 1883-1945 (Harvard University Press, 2011)

David Edgerton, The Shock of the Old: Technology and Global History since 1900 (Oxford University Press, 2008) (p)

___, Warfare State: Britain, 1920-1970 (Cambridge University Press, 2006) (p)

David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (Yale University Press, 1994)

David Joravsky, The Lysenko Affair (The University of Chicago Press, 1970) (p)

Deborah R. Coen, The Earthquake Observers: Disaster Science from Lisbon to Richter (The University of Chicago Press, 2013)

Diana Coole and Samantha Frost eds., New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics (Duke University Press, 2010) (p)

Dick van Lente ed., The Nuclear Age in Popular Media: A Transnational History, 1945-1965 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) (p)

Dominique Vinck, Everyday Engineering: An Ethnography of Design and Innovation (The MIT Press, 2003) (p)

Donald Mackenzie, An Engine, Not a Camera: How Financial Models Shape Markets (The MIT Press, 2006) (p)

___, Knowing Machines: Essays on Technical Change (The MIT Press, 1996) (p)

___, Mechanizing Proof: Computing, Risk, and Trust (The MIT Press, 2001) (p)

Donna Haraway, Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (Routledge, 1990) (p)

Eden Medina, Cybernetic Revolutionaries: Technology and Politics in Allende’s Chile (The MIT Press, 2011) (p-i)

Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques and Christina Holmes eds., Beyond Imported Magic (The MIT Press, 2014) (p-i)

Edmund Russell, Evolutionary History: Uniting History and Biology to Understand Life on Earth (Cambridge University Press, 2011) (p)

Edward J. Hackett, Olga Amsterdamska, Michael E. Lynch and Judy Wajcman eds., The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, Third Edition (The MIT Press, 2007) (p-i)

Emily Thompson, The Soundscape of Modernity: Architectural Acoustics and the Culture of Listening in America, 1900–1933 (The MIT Press, 2002) (p-i)

Ethan Pollock, Stalin and the Soviet Science Wars (Princeton University Press, 2008) (p-i)

Frederick Seitz, Stalin's Captive: Nikolaus Riehl and the Soviet Race for the Bomb (Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society and the Chemical Heritage Foundation, 1996)

Gabrielle Hecht, Being Nuclear: Africans and the Global Uranium Trade (The MIT Press, 2012) (p-i)

___, Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War (The MIT Press, 2011) (p-i)

___, The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II (The MIT Press, 2009) (p-i)

Geoffrey C. Bowker and Susan Leigh Star, Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences (The MIT Press, 2000) (p)

George T. Mazuzan and J. Samuel Walker, Controlling the Atom: The Beginnings of Nuclear Regulation, 1946-1962 (University of California Press, 1984) (p)

Harry Collins, Gravity’s Shadow: The Search for Gravitational Waves (The University of Chicago Press, 2004) (p)

Hiromi Mizuno, Science for the Empire: Scientific Nationalism in Modern Japan (Stanford University Press, 2008) (p)

Hiromi Mizuno,‎ Aaron S. Moore and John DiMoia eds., Engineering Asia: Technology, Colonial Development and the Cold War Order (Bloomsbury Academic, 2018)

Ian Hacking, Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science (Cambridge University Press, 1983) (p)

James Mahaffey, Atomic Accidents: A History of Nuclear Meltdowns and Disasters: From the Ozark Mountains to Fukushima (Pegasus Books, 2015) (p-ii)

Janet Abbate, Inventing the Internet (The MIT Press, 1999) (p)

Janis Mimura, Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State (Cornell University Press, 2011)

Jenny Leigh Smith, Works in Progress: Plans and Realities on Soviet Farms, 1930-1963 (Yale University Press, 2014)

Jeremy Bernstein, One Physicist's Guide to Nuclear Weapons: A global perspective (IOP Publishing Ltd, 2016) (p-i)

Jeronim Perović ed., Cold War Energy: A Transnational History of Soviet Oil and Gas (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017) (p)

Joel Andreas, Rise of the Red Engineers: The Cultural Revolution and the Origins of China's New Class (Stanford University Press, 2009) (p-i)

John Krige, American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe (The MIT Press, 2006) (p)

John Law, Aircraft Stories: Decentering the Object in Technoscience (Duke University Press, 2002) (p-i)

___, After Method: Mess in Social Science Research (Routledge, 2004) (p)

John Tresch, The Romantic Machine: Utopian Science and Technology after Napoloen (The University of Chicago Press, 2012) (p-i)

Jonathan Coopersmith, The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 (Cornell University Press, 1992) (p)

Jonathan E. Helmreich, Gathering Rare Ores: The Diplomacy of Uranium Acquisition, 1943-1954 (Princeton University Press, 1986)

Joseph Masco, The Nuclear Borderlands: The Manhattan Project in Post-Cold War New Mexico (Princeton University Press, 2006) (p)

Joy Rohde, Armed with Expertise: The Militarization of American Social Research during the Cold War (Cornell University Press, 2013)

Karen Barad, Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning (Duke University Press, 2007)

Karin Bijsterveld, Mechanical Sound: Technology, Culture, and Public Problems of Noise in theTwentieth Century (The MIT Press, 2008) (p)

Kate Brown, Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters (Oxford University Press, 2013) (p-p)

Katherine C. Epstein, Torpedo: Inventing the Military-Industrial Complex in the United States and Great Britain (Harvard University Press, 2014) (p)

Ken Alder, Engineering the Revolution: Arms and Enlightenment in France, 1763-1815 (The University of Chicago Press, 2010) (p-i)

Kerry Smith, A Time of Crisis: Japan, the Great Depression, and Rural Revitalization (Harvard University Press, 2001)

Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões, Neither Physics nor Chemistry: A History of Quantum Chemistry (The MIT Press, 2011) (p)

Kostas Gavroglu and Jürgen Renn eds., Positioning the History of Science (Springer, 2007) (p)

Lawrence Badash, A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s (The MIT Press, 2009) (p)

___, Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons (Prometheus Books, 1995)

Lorraine J. Daston and Peter Galison, Objectivity (The MIT Press, 2007) (p-i)

Loren Graham, Moscow Stories (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006)

___, Science in Russia and the Soviet Union: A Short History (Cambridge University Press, 1993) (p)

___, Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union (Columbia University Press, 1987) (p)

Loren Graham ed., Science and the Soviet Social Order (Harvard University Press, 1990) (p)

Lucy Suchman, Human-Machine Reconfigurations: Plans and Situated Actions (Cambridge University Press, 2007) (p)

Lynn R. Sykes, Silencing the Bomb: One Scientist's Quest to Halt Nuclear Testing (Columbia University Press, 2017)

Mark Solovey and Hamilton Cravens eds., Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) (p)

Matthew Lavine, The First Atomic Age: Scientists, Radiations, and the American Public, 1895–1945 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) (p)

Michael D. Gordin, Red Cloud at Dawn: Truman, Stalin, and the End of the Atomic Monopoly (Farrar, Straus and Girous, 2009)

___, Scientific Babel: How Science Was Done Before and After Global English (The University of Chicago Press, 2015) (p-i)

Matthias Gross, Ignorance and Surprise: Science, Society, and Ecological Design (The MIT Press, 2010) (p)

Michael Kort, The Columbia Guide to Hiroshima and the Bomb (Columbia University Press, 2007)

Michelle Murphy, Sick Building Syndrome and the Problem of Uncertainty: Environmental Politics, Technoscience, and Women Workers (Duke University Press, 2006) (p)

Michael Thad Allen, The Business of Genocide: The SS, Slave Labor, and the Concentration Camps (The University of North Carolina Press, 2002) (p)

Milton Leitenberg and Raymond A. Zilinskas with Jens H. Kuhn, The Soviet Biological Weapons Program: A History (Harvard University Press, 2012)

Morana Alač, Handling Digital Brains: A Laboratory Study of Multimodal Semiotic Interaction in the Age of Computers (The MIT Press, 2011) (p)

Naomi Oreskes and John Krige eds., Science and Technology in the Global Cold War (The MIT Press, 2014) (p-i)

Nelly Oudshoorn and Trevor Pinch eds., How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users and Technology (The MIT Press, 2003) (p)

Nigel Thrift, Non-Representational Theory: Space, Politics, Affect (Routledge, 2007) (p)

Park Doing, Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron: Biology, Physics, and Change in Science (The MIT Press, 2009) (p)

Paul Betts and Stephen A. Smith eds., Science, Religion and Communism in Cold War Europe (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016)

Paul Josephson, Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program From Stalin To Today (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005)

Paul R. Josephson, Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (The MIT Press, 2010) (p)

___, Physics and Politics in Revolutionary Russia (University of California Press, 1991) (p)

Paul Rubinson, Redefining Science: Scientists, the National Security State, and Nuclear Weapons in Cold War America (University of Massachusetts Press, 2016)

Peter Galison, Einstein's Clocks and Poincare's Maps: Empires of Time (W. W. Norton & Company, 2003) (p-i)

Nikolai Krementsov, Stalinist Science (Princeton University Press, 1997) (p)

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio, Biomedical Platforms: Realigning the Normal and the Pathological in Late-Twentieth-Century Medicine (The MIT Press, 2003) (p)

Pierre-Yves Donzé and Shigehiro Nishimura eds., Organizing Global Technology Flows: Institutions, Actors, and Processes (Routledge, 2013) (p)

Raymond G. Stokes, Constructing Socialism: Technology and Change in East Germany 1945-1990 (Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000) (p)

Rebecca Slayton, Arguments that Count Physics, Computing, and Missile Defense, 1949-2012 (The MIT Press, 2013) (p)

Richard Rhodes.

Richard Rottenburg, Allison Brown and Tom Lampert trans., Far-Fetched Facts: A Parable of Development Aid (The MIT Press, 2009) (p)

Robert M. Neer, Napalm: An American Biography (Harvard University Press, 2015) (p)

Ronald E. Deol, Kristine C. Harper and Matthias Heymann eds., Exploring Greenland: Cold War Science and Technology on Ice (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016) (p)

Ronald N. Giere, Science without Laws (The University of Chicago Press, 1999) (p)

Ruth Oldenziel and Karin Zachmann eds., Cold War Kitchen: Americanization, Technology, and European Users (The MIT Press, 2009) (p)

Ruth Schwartz Cowan, Heredity and Hope: The Case for Genetic Screening (Harvard University Press, 2008) (p)

___, More Work For Mother: The Ironies Of Household Technology From The Open Hearth To The Microwave (Basic Books, 1985) (p)

Sarah Bridger, Scientists at War: The Ethics of Cold War Weapons Research (Harvard University Press, 2015) (p-p)

Sergio Sismondo, An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies (Blackwell, 2003) (p-i)

Sheila Jasanoff, States of Knowledge: The Co-production of Science and the Social Order (Routledge, 2004) (p)

Shobita Parthasarathy, Building Genetic Medicine: Breast Cancer, Technology, and the Comparative Politics of Health Care (The MIT Press, 2007) (p)

Simon Ings, Stalin and the Scientists: A History of Triumph and Tragedy, 1905-1953 (Atlantic Monthly Press, 2017) (p)

Slava Gerovitch, From Newspeak to Cyberspeak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics (The MIT Press, 2002) (p)

Stephen Fortescue, The Communist Party and Soviet Science (Palgrave Macmillan, 1986) (p)

Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life (Princeton University Press, 1985) (p)

Sonja D. Schmid, Producing Power: The Pre-Chernobyl History of the Soviet Nuclear Industry (The MIT Press, 2015) (p-ii)

Susan Schrepfer and Philip Scranton eds., Industrializing Organisms: Introducing Evolutionary History (Routledge, 2004) (p)

Thomas B. Cochran, Making The Russian Bomb: From Stalin To Yeltsin (Westview Press, 1995)

Thomas J. Misa, Philip Brey and Andrew Feenberg eds., Modernity and Technology (The MIT Press, 2003) (p)

Tiago Saraiva, Fascist Pigs: Technoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism (The MIT Press, 2016) (p-i)

Trevor Pinch and Richard Swedberg eds., Living in a Material World: Economic Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies (The MIT Press, 2008) (p)

Wiebe E. Bijker and John Law, Shaping Technology / Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change (The MIT Press, 1992) (p)

Wiebe Bijker, Thomas P. Hughes, and Trevor Pinch, eds., The Social Construction of Technological Systems (MIT Press, 1987) (p-i)

William deJong-Lambert, The Cold War Politics of Genetic Research: An Introduction to the Lysenko Affair (Springer, 2012) (p)

Yaron Ezrahi, E. Mendelsohn and Howard Segal, Technology, Pessimism, and Postmodernism (Springer Netherlands, 1994) (p)

Yoshitaka Okada ed., Japan’s Industrial Technology Development: The Role of Cooperative Learning and Institutions (Springer, 1999) (p)

Yoshiyuki Kikuchi, Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry: The Lab as Contact Zone (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) (p)

Yukiko Fukasaku, Technology and Industrial Growth in Pre-War Japan: The Mitsubishi-Nagasaki Shipyard 1884-1934 (Routledge, 1992) (p)

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자료/신문2017. 8. 11. 04:33

"고에너지 연구소의 시멘뉴슈킨이 이끄는 연구팀이 미래의 순수한 반양성자 빔을 위한 전기장치를 두고 작업하고 있다. 이 과업을 위해 소비에트 일꾼들은 사회주의 형제국가에서 온 동지들과 일하고 있다. 

사진에서 (왼쪽에서 오른쪽으로): 물리학 연구원 후보(깐지다뜨) 이.엔. 시멘뉴슈킨, 기술자 베.엠. 비쉬냐코바, 연구원 엠.쎄. 븨소찬스키(체코슬로바키아), 삔 쫜찬(중국) - 기사, 쎄.베. 리흐비츠키 - 선임 기사. 사진 베. 슈스찌나." 

출처: 소련 모 신문, 1960년 5월 10일 화요일자.

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자료2017. 8. 11. 04:32

 2006년에 나온 글이지만 그 분석 대상인 현실은 크게 바뀌지 않았을 것이다. 글의 요지는 미국이 핵우위(nuclear primacy) 상태에 거의 도달했다는 것이다. 그 증거로 미국 다음 가는 핵강대국인 러시아에 대한 미국의 선제핵공격 시나리오를 제시한다. 시나리오에서는 비상대기상태(alerted)가 아닌 러시아의 장거리 핵체계(미사일, 폭격기, 잠수함)에 미국이 선제핵공격을 가할 경우, 무기의 정확도가 38% 이하가 아니고서야 미본토에 도달 가능한 러시아의 복수 수단(2006년 현재 3,500여 개의 핵탄두; 중국은 20개 이하)은 모두 궤멸되거나 기껏해야 한두 대 정도가 남을 뿐이다. 이때 미국은 최초핵공격 이후에도 350발이 넘는 양의 전술핵탄두를 보유하게 된다 ... 물론 저자들이 미국의 핵우위를 지지한다거나 자신들의 모델이 100% 정확하다고 단언하지는 않는다. 자료 공개 상황에 따른 제약이나 계산 착오 등은 언제든 생기게 마련이니. 한국과 북한의 정책결정자들이 이런 논문을 제발 읽으면서 통치를 하면 좋겠다.


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번역2016. 9. 11. 03:27

일시: 2016년 9월 9일

원문: 보기

북한의 다섯 번째 핵시험

- 꾸준히 증가하는 북한의 기세에 직면하여 세계는 우려스런 정도로 무능력하다.
2016년 9월 9일, 동경, 아시아

북한의 다섯 번째 핵폭탄 시험은 단지 시간 문제였다. 김정은은 2011년, 부친으로부터 권력을 물려받은 이래 핵폭탄과 탄도탄 시험의 속도를 증가시켰다. 올해 부과된 새로운 제재를 비롯하여 이번주 아세안 정상회의에서의 엄중한 회담은 평양을 전혀 기쁘게 하지 못했을 터이다. 따라서 김정은 총비서의 조부가 북한공산정권을 세운 기념일인 9월 9일, 북한은 다섯 번째 시험을 수행했다고 공표하였다.

시험의 폭발력은 최소 10킬로톤에서 최대 30킬로톤까지로 보이며, 이는 여태까지 북한의 시험 중 가장 강력한 것이었다. 또한 시험은 강도 5.3의 지진파를 일으켰고, 남한 당국은 문제적 이웃인 북한이 이를 공표하기도 전에 사건을 알아챘다. 이와는 대조적으로 올해 1월 북한이 수행한 시험은 6킬로톤 정도로 예측되었다. (이전 시험은 각각 2013년, 2009년, 2006년에 이뤄졌다.)

상승하는 북한의 기세는 국제 사회를 극도로 예민하게 만들고 있다. 현재 북한은 20여 개의 탄두를 비축하고 있으며, 매 6주마다 탄두 한 개를 추가하고 있는 것으로 추정되고 있다. 1월에 수행된 지하 폭발은 북한 당국의 주장대로 수소 폭탄은 아닌 것이 거의 확실하지만, 이후 북한은 일련의 미사일 시험을 단행하였다. 아메리카로 미사일을 날릴 수 있다는 북한 당국의 주장은 엄포에 불과하겠지만, 남한과 일본의 목표를 타격할 수 있다는 점은 거의 틀림없다.

가장 우려되는 문제는 북한이 미사일에 탑재 가능하도록 핵탄두를 소형화 할 수 있는지, 그리고 대기권 바깥에서 안으로 돌아오는 궤적을 견디도록 튼튼하게 만들 수 있는지의 여부이다. 이에 대해 북한은 충분히 가능하다고 한 반면, 관측가들은 회의적이다. 그러나 북한이 핵개발에서 빠른 진전을 이루고 있는 데에는 의심의 여지가 없다. 상대적으로 미약한 북한의 자원을 그의 부친 때보다 더욱 쏟아붓는 것으로 보이는 김 총비서에게 핵개발은 가장 우선적인 목표로 보인다.

일본 및 이웃 국가의 관료들은 젊은 김 총비서가 그의 부친보다 훨씬 더 예측하기 어렵다면서 초조해하고 있다. 이러한 예측 불가능성이 부분적으로는 그가 정권을 손아귀에 틀어쥐고 있어서인지의 여부는 알 수 없다. 하지만 다섯 번에 걸친 북한의 핵시험 중 세 번이 그의 5년 간의 통치 기간 수행되었다는 사실은 그가 대내적으로 위세를 보이려는 점을 보여준다. 그가 불안감을 느끼기 때문일 수도 있으며, 동시에 자신감을 반영하는 것일 수도 있다.

미국, 일본, 한국이 강경한 성명으로 대응한 것은 예상된 바였다. 북한의 우방에 가장 가까운 국가인 중국조차도 시험을 "결연히" 규탄한다고 말하였다. 미국 대통령 바락 오바마는 핵비확산과 군축을 금과옥조 비슷한 것으로 삼았고, 이란과의 핵 협상을 밀어 붙였으며 2차 대전 기간 미국이 핵폭탄을 투하한 두 일본 도시 중 하나인 히로시마를 방문하기도 하였다. 그러나 미국과 미국의 우방이 김 총비서를 제지하기 위해 할 수 있는 일은 우려스러울 정도로 적다.

국제연합은 북한의 1월 시험에 대응하여 3월, 북한에 대한 제재를 강화하였다. 북한의 주요 수출 자원 중 하나인 석탄과 다른 광물에 대한 약간은 누수적인 금지가 새로운 조치에 포함되었다. 미국은 구체적으로 김 총비서를 호명하며 7월, 북한에 대한 제재를 추가하였다. 그러나 이 모든 조치들은 김 총비서의 행동을 나은 쪽으로 변화시키는 데 아무런 역할을 하지 못했으며, 다만 그를 분노케 한 것으로 보인다.

미국, 일본, 한국의 주된 전략은 중국으로 하여금 북한에 더 많은 압박을 가하도록 촉구하는 것인데, 이는 북한이 경제적 생존을 위해 중국에 기대고 있기 때문이다. 중국 정부는 김 총비서에게 점차 실망하여 올해 국제연합의 제재에 투표를 하기도 하였으나, 그러한 조치를 항상 엄격하게 시행하지는 않았다. 중국은 김 총비서의 정권이 붕괴할 경우, 대량의 난민과 함께 미군이 국경으로 접근하는 것을 우려하고 있다. 또한 미국을 비롯하여 아시아에서의 미국의 우방과 중국의 관계는 현재 결코 최상의 상태가 아니다. 중국은 남한이 미국과 종말고고도지역방위(THAAD) 미사일 방어체계 설치에 동의한 데 기분이 상했으며, 계속해서 남중국해와 동중국해에서 다른 국가와 마찰을 빚고 있다. 결론적으로, 북한을 제지하기 위한 서구의 희망은 실낱같이 가느다랗다.

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